In like manner does He also know the very time it behoved Him to suffer, since the law prefigures His passion. Accordingly, of all the festal days of the Jews He chose the passover.
in His holy and undefiled hands, and, looking up to Thee His God and Father, "He brake it, and gave it to His disciples, saying, This is the mystery of the new covenant: take of it, and eat. This is my body, which is broken for many, for the remission of sins."
that "Satan entered into Judas."
on the first day of unleavened bread, on which they slew the lamb at even, just as had been enjoined by Moses.
. Which prediction was thus also fulfilled, that "on the first day of unleavened bread"
And, to say nothing of other matters, this assuredly ought rather to urge us, that the confession of one word is maintained by the everlasting confession of Christ; as it is written, "Whosoever shall confess me on earth before men, him also will I confess before my Father, and before His angels."
that, when the Lord was about to celebrate the last Passover, He said to the disciples who were sent to make preparation, "Ye will meet a man bearing water."
, by which He so earnestly desired to eat the pass over with His disciples.
How earnestly, therefore, does He manifest the bent of His soul: "With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer."
we have proved from the sacrament of the bread and the cup
if we deny to those who are about to enter on the warfare the blood of Christ? Or how do we make them fit for the cup of martyrdom, if we do not first admit them to drink, in the Church, the cup of the Lord
"I have been very jealous
Now that neither in the first nor in the last there was anything false is evident; for he who said of old, "I will not any more eat the passover,"
For the apostles, in the memoirs composed by them, which are called Gospels, have thus delivered unto us what was enjoined upon them; that Jesus took bread, and when He had given thanks, said, "This do ye in remembrance of Me,
and that the taste of the wine was different from that which He consecrated in memory of His blood.
Then, having taken the bread and given it to His disciples, He made it His own body, by saying, "This is my body,"
For this reason do you also, now the Lord is risen, offer your sacrifice, concerning which He made a constitution by us, saying, "Do this for a remembrance of me; "
testament to be sealed "in His blood,"
the apostle unteaches, suppressing the continuance of the Old Testament which has been buried in Christ, and establishing that of the New. But if there is a new creation in Christ,
At those times, however, in which He lived on earth we lay this down definitively, that it is no prejudgment against us if pardon used to be conferred on sinners-even Jewish ones. For Christian discipline dates from the renewing of the Testament,
"Woe," says He, "to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed!"
And they who gave in their branches green and cracked were always faithful and good, though emulous of each other about the foremost places, and about fame:
and "they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors."
hing else, as I have said, than the laying aside of divine religion, which alone effects that man should esteem man dear, and should know that he is bound to him by the tie of brotherhood, since God is alike a Father to all, so as to share the bounties of the common God and Father with those who do not possess them; to injure no one, to oppress no one, not to close his door against a stranger, nor his ear against a suppliant, but to be bountiful, beneficent, and liberal, which Tullius
Or how could He be called such who said, "I was amongst you, not as he that sitteth at meat, but as he that serveth? "
For avoiding it, remedies cannot be lacking; since, even if they be lacking, there remains that one by which you will be made a happier magistrate, not in the earth, but in the heavens.
tempted should attain the celestial kingdoms."
"I call you no longer servants, for the servant knoweth not what is the will of his master, but I call you friends," because
He awards the kingdom to His disciples, as He says it had been appointed to Himself by the Father.
the son of Josedech, who sought to "sift the faith"
says: "You will escape the energy of the wild beast, if your heart become pure and blameless." Also the Lord Himself says: "Satan hath desired to sift you; but I have prayed."
" So he asked in the case of the apostles likewise an opportunity to tempt them, having it only by special allowance, since the Lord in the Gospel says to Peter, "Behold, Satan asked that he might sift you as grain; but I have prayed for you that your faith fail not; "
But He so prayed for us, that in another place we read, "And the Lord said to Peter, Behold, Satan has desired to sift you as wheat: but I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not."
and he oftentimes sought to sift us, that our faith might fail.
from whom the Lord Jesus Christ will deliver us, who prayed that the faith of the apostles might not fail,
We know that this saying arose out of the very circumstance of his withdrawal, and the rest of the disciples did likewise.
And who said then to those that stood by the high priest, "Take away his ragged garments from him; "and added, "Behold, I have taken thine iniquities away from thee; "He will say now, as He said formerly of us when we were assembled together, "I have prayed that your faith may not fail."
alive, to transform my words by certain various interpretations, in order to the dissolution of the law; as though I also myself were of such a mind, but did not freely proclaim it, which God forbid! For such a thing were to act in opposition to the law of God which was spoken by Moses, and was borne witness to by our Lord in respect of its eternal continuance; for thus he spoke: "The heavens and the earth shall pass away, but one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law."
and every one vehemently affirming that they would not forsake Him, I Peter adding this promise, that I would even die with Him, He said, "Verily I say unto thee, Before the cock crows, thou shall thrice deny that thou knowest me."
This passage He confirms by subsequent ones, saying, "Pray that ye be not tempted; "
, "save that not my will, but Thine be done."
But remembering, too, the purpose for which He was sent, He fulfils the dispensation (economy) for which He was sent, and exclaims, "Father, not my will,"
III.-On Luke XXII. 42, Etc.
But those who are weak and slothful in prayer, hesitate to ask anything from the Lord; but the Lord is full of compassion, and gives without fail to all who ask Him. But you, having been strengthened by the holy Angel,
For in the memoirs which I say were drawn up by His apostles and those who followed them, [it is recorded] that His sweat fell down like drops of blood while He was praying, and saying, `If it be possible, let this cup pass: '
In all other respects the Father did not forsake the Son, for it was into His Father's hands that the Son commended His. spirit.
The Christ of the prophets was destined, moreover, to be betrayed with a kiss,
And when He had done this thrice, while we out of despondency of mind were fallen asleep, He came and said: "The hour is come, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. And behold Judas, and with him a multitude of ungodly men,"
And He said unto Judas, "Betrayest thou the Son of God with a kiss? "
-the occasion indeed demands that I should note down; but (to do so) may seem to be unnecessary. For when the Lord is known, our spirit, having been" looked back upon"
When led before the council, He is asked whether He is the Christ.
But even if he had told them, he would yet have to suffer. For he said, "If I tell you, ye will not believe."
says, "Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God."
Accordingly, after He had said this, and so suggested a comparison of the Scripture, a ray of light did seem to show them whom He would have them understand Him to be; for they say: "Art thou then the Son of God? "
Of what God, but of Him whom alone they knew? Of what God but of Him whom they remembered in the Psalm as having said to His Son, "Sit Thou on my right hand? "Then He answered, "Ye say that I am; "
and so completely was His statement to this effect, that they insisted on accepting that sense which His statement indicated.
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