for so Christ has revealed, calling His body "bread,"
And when He had tarried there three days, and the people were suffering from hunger, He called His disciples, and asked what quantity of food
in Jerusalem; on which occasion He cured the paralytic man, who had lain beside the pool thirty-eight years, bidding him rise, take up his couch, and depart. Again, withdrawing from thence to the other side of the sea of Tiberias,
(love), too, consists of five letters; and our Lord, after
the disciples say that they have the five loaves and the two fishes, without indicating whether they were wheaten or of barley, John alone says, that the loaves were barley loaves.
Wherefore, perhaps, in the Gospel of John the disciples do not acknowledge that the loaves are with them, but say in John, "There is a lad here who has five barley loaves and two fishes."
You will moreover investigate in the accounts in the different places the variation found in John, who wrote in regard to that transaction that Jesus said, "Make the men sit down,"
For although the Lord had the power to supply wine to those feasting, independently of any created substance, and to fill with food those who were hungry, He did not adopt this course; but, taking the loaves which the earth had produced, and giving thanks,
of the bread that was eaten at that spontaneous banquet;
And further, unless it be the same thing for Jesus to do a thing of Himself and to act after having heard from the disciples, consider if those to whom Jesus shows kindness are not superior when He fed them on the spot with a view to showing them kindness. And, if according to John,
He shrank back from being made a king,
But labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for the meat which endureth to life eternal, which the Son of man will give you; for Him hath the Father sealed."
"Labour," says the Lord, "not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth to everlasting life."
Servator autem de liberorum procreatione nil dixit, sed ad impertiendum ac communicandum cos hortatur, qui solum opibus abundare, egentibus autem nolebant opem ferre. Quamobrem dicit: "Operamini non cibum, qui petit; sed eum, qui manet in vitam aetenam."
ue philosophy, having delineated as well as possible the ethical argument conveyed in them, and having exhibited what the Gnostic is in his life, proceed to show the philosophers that he is by no means impious, as they suppose, but that he alone is truly pious, by a compendious exhibition of the Gnostic's form of religion, as far as it is possible, without danger, to commit it to writing in a book of reference. For the Lord enjoined "to labour for the meat which endureth to eternity."
teaching "to labour for the meat which is permanent unto life eternal; "
To those who seek God's kingdom and righteousness, He promises that all things shall be added.
For just as in a golden chain the links are so intimately joined and connected together, as that the one holds the other, and is fitted on to it, and so carries on the chain-even so the miracles that have been handed down by the holy Gospels, one after the other, lead on the Church of God, which delights in festivity, and refresh it, not with the meat that perisheth, but with that which endureth unto everlasting life.
Follow therefore your trades as by the by, for your maintenance, but make the worship of God your main business; as also our Lord said: "Labour not for the meat which perishes, but for that which endureth unto everlasting life."
workmen who "work not for the food that perisheth, but for that food which abideth unto life eternal; "
And again: "This is the work of God, that ye believe on Him whom He hath sent."
meats, but fed on "angel's loaves"
impressing on (His hearers) constantly under the figure of necessary food the memory of their forefathers, who had preferred the bread and flesh of Egypt to their divine calling.
For the bread of God is He that cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world. And the bread which I will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world."
For He is the living and life-giving bread which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the whole world, of which they who eat die not; and they who receive it are saved by it, and do not see corruption, and live through it for ever; and Thou art the antidote of our mortality,
and, a little above, "The Bread is the Word of the living God, who came down from the heavens."
lump of teaching and of truly ancient leaven,-that according to the bare letter, and on this account not freed from those things which arise from wickedness,-which the Pharisees and Sadducees offered, of which Jesus does not wish His own disciples any longer to eat, having made for them a new and spiritual lump, offering Himself to those who gave up the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees and had come to Him-"the living bread which came down from heaven and gives life to the world."
As, therefore, the Life is also the living bread which came down from heaven and gave life to the world,
Elsewhere the Lord, in the Gospel according to John, brought this out by symbols, when He said: "Eat ye my flesh, and drink my blood; "
is our Bread; because Christ is Life, and bread is life. "I am," saith He, "the Bread of Life; "
" And whose bread is rich, if not ours? For the Lord is out bread, as He says Himself: "I am the bread of life."
John 6:35 - NIV, NAB - in Cyprian Treatise XII Three Books of Testimonies Against the Jews
Moreover, in the Gospel according to John, the Lord says: "I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger, and he that trusteth in me shall never thirst."
"I am the true vine and My Father is the husbandman," and again, "I am the vine, ye are the branches." Add to these testimonies also the saying,
No man indeed was able to come to Him, except the Father attracted him; whereas every one who had heard and learnt of the Father came to Him."
The Lord cries aloud, that "whosoever thirsts should come and drink of the rivers of living water that flowed out of His bosom."
What man could ever say, "I came down from heaven, not to do Mine own will, but the will of Him that sent Me? "
You have (then) the restoration of the entire man, inasmuch as the Lord purposes to save that part of him which perishes, whilst he will not of course lose that portion which cannot be lost, Who will any longer doubt of the safety of both natures, when one of them is to obtain salvation, and the other is not to lose it? And, still further, the Lord explains to us the meaning of the thing when He says: "I came not to do my own will, but the Father's, who hath sent me."
And it is not His own will, but the Father's, which He has accomplished,
the Father's will;
Therefore eternal and divine things are to be followed, and all things must be done after the will of God, that we may follow the divine footsteps and teachings of our Lord, who warned us, and said, "I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of Him that sent me."
And in another place He says, "I came down from heaven not to do my own will, but the will of Him that sent me."
John 6:38 - NIV, NAB - in Cyprian Treatise XII Three Books of Testimonies Against the Jews
In the Gospel according to John: "I came not down from heaven to do mine own will, but the will of Him that sent me."
Or when he reads: "I came not down from heaven to do mine own will, but the will of Him that sent me? "
John 6:38 - NIV, NAB - in Archelaus Acts of the Disputation with the Heresiarch Manes
and. "I came not to do mine own will, but the will of Him that sent me; "
and in the affirmation He of course includes the promise of their safety; for if they were to be lost, where would be the use of having taken such a numerical care of them? Surely the only use lies (in this truth): "That of all which the Father hath given to me, I should lose none,"
Now the Lord Himself has most clearly revealed the equality of salvation, when He said: "For this is the will of my Father, that every one that seeth the Son, and believeth on Him, should have everlasting life; and I will raise him up in the last day."
and, "No man can come to me, except the Father draw him; "
Concerning these, he says, the Saviour has declared, "No one can come unto me, except my heavenly Father draw some one unto me."
Let him that teaches, although he be one of the laity, yet, if he be skilful in the word and grave in his manners, teach; for "they shall be all taught of God."
when man can neither be the bread of life, he himself being mortal, nor could he have come down from heaven, since no perishable material is established in heaven? If Christ is only man, how does He say that "no man hath seen God at any time, save He which is of God; He hath seen God? "
Of the flesh of this Lamb it is necessary that we should eat in the thee of the world, which is night, and the flesh is to be roast with fire, and eaten with unleavened bread; for the Word of God is not flesh and flesh only. He says, in fact, Himself,
of the world."
Now, just before (the passage in hand), He had declared His flesh to be "the bread which cometh down from heaven,"
when man cannot have life in him after the example of God the Father, because he is not glorious in eternity, but made with the materials of mortality? If Christ is only man, how does He say, "I am the bread of eternal life which came down from heaven,"
who was the Word and the living bread, it would not have been written, that "every one who eats of this bread shall live for ever."
O amazing birth! O holy swaddling bands! The Word is all to the child, both father and mother and tutor and nurse. "Eat ye my flesh," He says, "and drink my blood."
in order that they who believed in His blood might be bathed with the water; they who had been bathed in the water might likewise drink the blood.
This, he says, is what is spoken by the Saviour: "If ye do not drink my blood, and eat my flesh, ye will not enter into the kingdom of heaven; but even though," He says, "ye drink of the cup which I drink of, whither I go, ye cannot enter there."
by the offence of the word which Christ spoke, "Except a man eat my flesh, and drink my blood, he is not worthy of me."
efore, He says, that whoever shall eat of His bread shall live for ever; as it is manifest that those who partake of His body and receive the Eucharist by the right of communion are living, so, on the other hand, we must fear and pray lest any one who, being withheld from communion, is separate from Christ's body should remain at a distance from salvation; as He Himself threatens, and says, "Unless ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink His blood, ye shall have no life in you."
John 6:53 - NIV, NAB - in Cyprian Treatise XII Three Books of Testimonies Against the Jews
Moreover, He says in the same place: "Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink His blood, ye shall have no life in you."
John 6:53 - NIV, NAB - in Cyprian Treatise XII Three Books of Testimonies Against the Jews
Also in the same place: "Unless ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink His blood, ye shall not have life in you."
" To this we reply that, as the Word of God in His character as something to be drunk is to one set of men water, and to another wine, making glad the heart of man, and to others blood, since it is said,
" The Evangelist here agrees with Paul, and both are involved in the difficulties we spoke of above. But on the other hand we have to say that if the Word became flesh, and the Lord says,
For those who are full-grown are said to drink, babes to suck. "For my blood," says the Lord, "is true drink."
John 6:55 - NIV, NAB - in Pseudo-Gregory Thaumaturgus Twelve Topics on the Faith
and, "My flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed; "
John 6:56 - NIV, NAB - in Pseudo-Gregory Thaumaturgus Twelve Topics on the Faith
and, "He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life? "
If any man eat of my bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread which I will give is my flesh, for the life of the world."
If Christ is only man, why does He say, "What if ye shall see the Son of man ascending thither where He was before? "
Therefore, do not be sceptical, but believe; for I myself also used to disbelieve that this would take place, but now, having taken these things into consideration, I believe. At the same time, I met with the sacred Scriptures
of our heretic. Now, that the very Lord Himself of all might, the Word and Spirit of the Father,
He says, it is true, that "the flesh profiteth nothing; "
for the kingdom of God; "the flesh profiteth nothing."
John 6:64 - NIV, NAB - in A Treatise Against the Heretic Novatian by an Anonymous Bishop
That Judas, who was chosen among the apostles, who was always of one mind and faithful in the house of God, himself subsequently betrayed God.
r with blaspheming heretics, to wish to maintain and assert, that one who blasphemes and gravely sins against the Father and the Lord and God of Christ, can receive remission of sins in the name of Christ? What, moreover, is that, and of what kind is it, that he who denies the Son of God has not the Father, and he who denies the Father should be thought to have the Son, although the Son Himself testifies, and says, "No man can come unto me except it were given unto him of my Father? "
Let the chaff of a fickle faith fly off as much as it will at every blast of temptation, all the purer will be that heap of corn which shall be laid up in the garner of the Lord. Did not certain of the disciples turn back from the Lord Himself,
they continued in His company to the very last, after He had gently inquired of them whether they also would go away.
And yet He did not rebuke them when they went away, nor even severely threaten them; but rather, turning to His apostles, He said, "Will ye also go away? "
And the Lord also in the Gospel, when disciples forsook Him as He spoke, turning to the twelve, said, "Will ye also go away? "then Peter answered Him, "Lord, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the word of eternal life; and we believe, and are sure, that Thou art the Son of the living God."
John 6:67 - NIV, NAB - in A Treatise Against the Heretic Novatian by an Anonymous Bishop
Read and teach: whom of those who had failed or denied Him, while He was still with them, did our Lord deny? Yet also to the others of the disciples who had remained with Him He saith, "Will ye also go away? "
And again: "Will ye also go away? "
but because they knew that He was the Word of Life, and was come from God,
who were always with Him and had seen all the wonderful things which He did, and who bore testimony to His words that they were words of eternal life,
and in His name shall the Gentiles trust."
Whosoever, therefore, declares that there is but one God, only so as to take away the divinity of Christ, is a devil,
First, He was clad in "sordid attire," that is, in the indignity of passible and mortal flesh, when the devil, withal, was opposing himself to Him-the instigator, to wit, of Judas the traitor
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