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Monarchian Prologues

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Estimated Range of Dating: 200-450 A.D.

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Information on Monarchian Prologues

J. Quasten writes, "There is a series of longer prologues to the Gospels, the so-called Monarchian prologues, which used to be assigned to the first half of the third century. According to P. Corssen they were written at Rome about thirty years after the Muratorian Fragment in Monarchian circles. Their original language was Latin although they used Greek sources. Corssen held that they constituted another proof for the Monarchian character of the official Roman teaching at the date mentioned above. However, his idea of the Monarchian origin never seemed very convincing and was abandoned after J. Chapman and E. Ch. Babut connected them rather with Spain. They are now thought to have been composed at the end of the fourth or beginning of the fifth century by some Priscillianist." (Patrology, vol. 2, p. 211)

A. Sand writes, "Related to that group [of 'Anti-Marcionite prologues'] are the so-called Monarchianist prologues, which are usually attached to the gospels in the transmission of the Vulgate. They probably come from the end of the 4th c. and have their closest parallels in the ambiance of Priscillian or his movement." (Dictionary of Early Christian Literature, p. 502)

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Kirby, Peter. "Monarchian Prologues." Early Christian Writings. <>.