Quadratus (3), the author of an apology for the Christians, presented to the emperor Hadrian (regn. 117-138). Eusebius (H. E. iv. 3) says the work was still in circulation in his time and that he himself was acquainted with it. He quotes one sentence which proves, as he observes, the great antiquity of the work. Quadratus remarks that the Saviour's miracles were no transient wonders, but had abiding effects. Those who had been cured or raised from the dead did not disappear, but remained for a considerable time after the Saviour's departure, some even to the times of Quadratus himself. Accordingly Quadratus is called a disciple of the apostles by Eusebius in his Chronicle, under the 8th year of Hadrian according to the Armenian, the 10th according to the Latin.
St. Jerome twice (de Vir. Ill. 19; Ep. 70,
ad Magnum) identifies the apologist with Quadratus, bp. of Athens, and
states that the apology was presented when Hadrian visited Athens and was
initiated in the Eleusinian mysteries. On chronological grounds we must reject
this identification. For it is improbable that any one contemporary with
subjects of our Lord's miracles should survive to 170. We may doubt also whether
the apologist resided at Athens. A writer against the Montanists (ap.
Eus. H. E. v. 17) contrasts the behaviour of the Montanist prophetesses
with that of those recognized in the church as prophets, e.g. the
daughters of Philip, Ammia, and Quadratus. Eusebius evidently understood the
reference to be a Quadratus of whom he speaks (H. E. iii. 37) under the
reign of Trajan, and who is apparently the apologist.
His Apology seems to have survived until 6th cent., for several passages were quoted in controversy between the monk Andrew and EUSEBIUS (86) (Phot. Cod. 162). Cf. Zahn, Forschungen (1900), vi. 41; Harnack; Gesch. der Alt.-Chr. Lit. i. 95; ii. 1, 269-271.
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